Nutrition Experts say that strength, intelligence, life expectancy, weight gain at birth, reduction of child’s & mother’s mortality depends mainly on the nutrition of the mother. Nutrition here basically means protein. Along with carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals from protein sources play an important role in development of health status of mothers and infants as well of nations.
In a developing world, with the improvement of socioeconomic conditions, food habits are changing dramatically. People are leaning towards protein sources day by day. By 2050, 80% of the population will be living in cities and their eating
habits will change drastically. The World Health Organization says calorie intake from meat will double by 2030.
In a report of 2007 by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) mentioned that global consumption of meat and dairy products would increase by 102 percent and 62 percent, respectively, between 2000 and 2050. The effect of this change in eating habits is seen in human health. Bangladesh is a wonder of the world in
increasing life expectancy, reducing infant mortality, increasing birth weight and preventing maternal mortality.
According to UNICEFs 2020 data, between 2013 and 2019, extreme dwarfism/stuntedness decreased from 16.4% to 7.4%, moderate dwarfism/stuntedness decreased from 42% to 26%. The neonatal mortality rate was 84.10 in 1990, down from 18.40 (per thousand) in 2019.
According to the National Low Birth Weight Survey (NLBWS) 2003-04, 37.2 percent of underweight children were born in 2000. In 2012, it decreased to 29 percent and in 2015 it has decreased to 26.7 percent. According to USAID data released in 2016, the number of low birth weight babies has dropped to 23%. Low birth weight refers to the weight of less than two and a half kilograms at birth.
All those data shown that there are tremendous development occurs in nutrition supply status of Bangladesh. At present, each person in Bangladesh is receiving 175.63 ml of milk and 128.20 g
of meat (per day), 104 eggs (annually) as raw milk, meat, egg and processed by products.
In 2009-10, which was 39 ml of milk and 20.6 grams of meat (per day), 34 eggs (annually).
This means that in just 10 years, the consumption of dairy products has increased almost 5 times, the consumption of meat has increased 6 times and the
consumption of eggs has increased 3 times. Therefore, it is clear that increasing the
supply of animal meat has played a key role in the above success. So revolution in health status of nation is undoubtedly contribution of Livestock sector. Healthy, strong and talented people are needed to build a developed nation. To ensure this, the Department of Livestock is working to provide adequate quantity and safe animal proteins for all the people of the country. At present, 81% of the total animal protein supply in Bangladesh comes from the livestock sector.
According to the World Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), in fish protein is 15-20%, in egg protein is 12%, milk is 3.2%, beef is 22.3%, chicken is 22.6% and according to the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) egg protein is 5-6 grams Per egg, 3.3% in milk, 26-32% in beef, 22-25% in chicken and 16-18% in Fish.
Presenting the data given in the annual report of the Economic Survey and Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock for 2020-21, we get the annual fish production 45.03 lakh metric tons, meat production 85.14 lakh metric tons, milk production 108.70 million metric tons, Egg production 1836 crore.
So from fisheries sectors we get 6.92 lakh metric tons proteins which is 19% of total protein supply of the country (average 17.5% protein if fish).
Proteins from meat (average 28.75%) is 20.1 lakh Metric Tons (48%), Proteins from milk (average 3.3%) is 3.52 lakh metric tons (8%) and 10.41 lakh metric tons (25%) of proteins obtained from eggs (12% on average). Therefore, the contribution of fisheries sector to the total animal meat is 19 percent and the contribution of livestock sector is 81 percent (approximately). The country is now self-sufficient in meat, milk fish productions, and on the way to becoming self-sufficient in eggs. It is hoped that with the timely activities of the government of Hon’ble Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, the livestock sector will soon become the main source of foreign currency after meeting the national needs of livestock products and will ensure a healthy and talented Bangladesh.
Dr. Md. Nure – Alam, Columnist,
Senior Assistant Director, Department of Livestock Services, Bangladesh.