Ahmadul Kabir, Malaysia:
In the Corona situation, there is widespread uncertainty in all areas of the world, including life, livelihood and governance. Adding to this uncertainty is the issue of human trafficking and forced labor.
The US, Europe and the UK recently imposed sanctions on imports from Malaysia over the allegations. Which is also a concern for Bangladesh as a labor sending country. The names of Bangladeshi workers have come up in the issue of victims of human trafficking and forced labor or modern slavery. Malaysia has made extensive preparations on this issue and the issues of Bangladesh side have come up.
Along with the reports of America and various organizations, there have been allegations of human trafficking from Bangladesh to Malaysia and forced labor. In 2006/7, there was a humanitarian catastrophe by bringing additional Bangladeshi workers to Malaysia in terms of job, shelter, food and health insecurity, and Malaysia has been questioned internationally for this, as a result of which Malaysia stopped recruiting people from Bangladesh.
In 2012, Bangladesh sent about 10,000 workers to Malaysia in the plantation sector for only 40/50 thousand rupees on a government-to-government basis. This is a good example of immigration but not followed. In 2015, the Andaman tragedy of human trafficking was exposed.
Later in 2016, the recruitment agency was involved in the end of Bangladesh by signing a 5-year GTG Plus agreement for the recruitment, employment and repatriation of Bangladeshi workers. According to the agreement, the Bangladesh government handed over the list of more than 1100 Bangladeshi recruiting agencies to the Malaysian government.
According to the agreement, the Malaysian government automatically selects the Bangladesh recruiting agency from the 11th list in the online system and issues a demand letter and power of attorney. But before the start of recruitment, the Malaysian government selected 10 recruiting agencies and submitted a request for the consent of the Bangladesh government. Accordingly, in the interest of sending staff, the Government of Bangladesh agreed to the proposal of Malaysia and gave the opportunity to all the recruiting agencies to work in a consortium under 10 recruiting agencies. This consortium did not work. However, according to BMET sources, out of 10, more than two and a half hundred recruiting agencies have sent workers to Malaysia.
Note that those 10 recruiting agencies were called syndicates and a writ petition was filed in the High Court of Bangladesh. Similarly, the Ministry of Expatriate Welfare has fixed the cost of recruitment at Tk. A survey of workers arriving in Malaysia audited various NGOs and companies in the receiving country, revealing the cost of work from home to employment in Malaysia, and all the money, including agency fees, had to be paid to the worker.
While giving this money, information came up about selling land, cows and gold, taking loans and taking dowry by getting married. In addition, comparative information is available that workers come to Malaysia from Nepal at 50/60 thousand Bangladeshi rupees. The worker realizes that it is not possible to raise so much money in just three years and the country has been tempted by misinformation about jobs and salaries.
Malaysian NGOs and foreign inspectors have been collecting evidence that overpaid workers have been forced to work and stay inhumane labor, accept various threats and face legal problems illegally. Following these reports, the United States, Europe and the UK banned the entry of products produced by the labor of these workers. Recruiting companies then tried to break the ban by reimbursing staff costs, ensuring proper housing and good management. It is not just the manufacturing company, but Malaysia, which is at the bottom of the US Global Index of Tier Two on allegations of human trafficking and slavery labor. If such incidents did not happen in Bangladesh, there would be no problem to work well in Malaysia. As is the case in Nepal, many workers have said.
However, the Mahathir government stopped recruiting workers from Bangladesh and the five-year contract signed in 2016 expired in February.
Four joint working groups have already met between the two countries to recruit staff from Bangladesh. Every time Rob gets up before the meeting, is it being syndicated again, will it cost more again? Note that this time none of the employees recruited in G2G Plus system are unemployed. Recruiting agencies have taken this as an example to start the next process. But there are fears of higher costs, similarly fears of Malaysian employers. They are worried, if they pay all the expenses, then what is the guarantee that the undisclosed cost of the worker in Bangladesh will not happen? Will the recruiting agency in charge give a real idea about the job, salary and accommodation before coming from Bangladesh? Such issues have come to the fore. In other words, the cost and the idea of these two issues depend entirely on Bangladesh. According to the previous example, the employers are calculating to avoid losses, according to various news media. In these two issues, the issue of assurance has come up for Bangladesh.
Bangladesh has always been vocal about safe, orderly and logical migration. But these incidents have questioned that voice. Immigrant workers hope that the ministry will pave the way for the future by setting a clear example in all these matters.
Recruiting agencies are sincere and all in overcoming the weaknesses of migration management They are determined to cooperate but at the same time they expect reasonable behavior from the ministry, according to the owners of some recruiting agencies.
Migration journalist Meraj Hossain Gazi said, “The complications that have arisen as a result of sending workers to Malaysia in three ways, are hurting the expatriates and damaging the image of the country are now clearly before us.” In this case, according to the law, the recruiting agency has to fulfill many responsibilities, so there is no alternative to reach the desired goal of the ministry with everyone.
Senior journalist Mostafa Firoz said, “When I go to Malaysia, I hear that Nepalese workers go at low cost and we spend a lot more. It has become a problem for both the countries not to pay attention to this issue. Moreover, the various types of suffers that have come up in various studies or audits should be given importance now. This will brighten the image of the country.
Senior journalist Kazi Keramat Ullah Biplob said, ‘Bangladesh came to Nepal much later in migration management and is now a pioneer in good management from Bangladesh. Even in Malaysia, it has overtaken Bangladesh and taken the second place, that is, the place of Bangladesh; Has entered countries like Australia and Japan. Since then, although Bangladesh is old, it has gradually gone into distrust due to mismanagement. As loud as the paper pen is, the reality is different. There is no comparison between India and the Philippines. There is no alternative to easy and transparent migration management in the interest of the country.
There are rumors in both countries about hiring workers in Malaysia. However, at a press conference after the last meeting, Bangladesh’s Minister for Expatriate Welfare Imran Ahmed said the meeting had to be postponed due to disagreement with Malaysia over the number of recruiting agencies in Bangladesh. Does the matter stop there or is there any progress? When asked, Minister Imran Ahmed said, “It is going on, work is going on. However, the Malaysian government has a sincere desire to ensure that the interests of the workers are not compromised first and foremost. At the same time, we can assure you that the extra costs, the debt cycle, and the weaknesses that have identified in our work will not be repeated. ‘ “Those who hire and if we don’t hire, we can’t go,” he said.
The Malaysian government has formed a committee for the next overall recovery of Corona. The Malaysian government is moving ahead with a fast pace of vaccination for all, regardless of domestic or foreign. It is expected that economic activities will resume as soon as possible.
Expatriate Welfare Secretary Dr. about the strategy he will take to take the opportunity. Ahmed Monirus Salehin said, “Bangladesh and Malaysia are very sincere for the welfare of the government workers.
Complaints or suggestions from various quarters regarding migration are taken seriously by the Ministry and the standard process must be followed. We are looking at the policies or plans of different countries to take advantage of the next foreign employment in Corona. “We can assure Malaysian employers no longer have to worry,” he said. We are ready to meet the requirements of the recruiting officer. ‘